BOOK" Archive: "The complete book of erotic art" (from the collection of Anthony Michael Simmons), 1949-1999.

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Pram with dildo/phallic symbol - looking into sexualisation of the body -from an early age?

BOOK" Archive: "The complete book of erotic art" (from the collection of Anthony Michael Simmons), 1949-1999.

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 Honouring sexuality - deity's and dildos.
Sexual pleasure - is it a luxury? Does your wealth determine the quality of your sexual pleasure? (The wealthier possessed far more intricate dildos than lower classes).

"Fallen woman", Louise Bourgeois,(1981).


"Fallen woman had associations with helplessness or failure. The idea first emerged in a painting she made in the 1940s. Returning to the subject in the early 1980s, Bourgeois produced this small sculpture in carved marble, and later cast it in bronze. Without arms or legs, the woman’s body has been turned into a club handle. This image appears threatening but may also suggest immobility and isolation. The ‘fallen woman’ in nineteenth-century Victorian culture was a marginalised figure, the victim of hypocritical moral society, used and abandoned to her fate".


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To me, Bourgeois' "Fallen woman" has a phallic appearance. As a self-proclaimed and celebrated feminist artist, perhaps Bourgeois is using the representation of a man to allude to the ways that women can become immobile and useless as beings when they are submissive in the face of the patriarchy and do not fight actively for their rights to be heard and hold power in society.


BOOK: "Into Me/Out of Me",Hatje Cantz,2007.

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BOOK: The Body in Pieces: The Fragment as a Metaphor of Modernity (Walter Neurath Memorial Lectures),2001.

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 The lecture with Hannah Wilke follows below this post:

BOOK: "The Artist's Body" (Themes & Movements) ,Phaidon,2012.

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BOOK: "Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection'',Thames and Hudson,(1998).

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BOOK: "The Artist's Body" (Themes & Movements) ,Phaidon,2012.

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BOOK: "The Artist's Body" (Themes & Movements) ,Phaidon,2012.

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BOOK: "The Artist's Body" (Themes & Movements) ,Phaidon,2012.

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BOOK: "The Artist's Body" (Themes & Movements) ,Phaidon,2012.

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BOOK: "Into Me/Out of Me",Hatje Cantz,2007.

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BOOK: "The Artist's Body" (Themes & Movements) ,Phaidon,2012.

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BOOK: "sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection'',Thames and Hudson,(1998).

A different way of presenting the female nude - this feels less sexual.

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42nd Street

42nd street - Still from performance of "Keep young and beautiful" (2017).

"What's cute about little cutie
It's her beauty, not brains
Old father time will never harm you
If your charm still remains
After you grow old, baby

Keep young and beautiful
It's your duty to be beautiful
Keep young and beautiful
If you want to be loved

If you're wise exercise all the fat off
Take it off, off of here, off of there
When you'er seen anywhere
With you hat off
Wear a marcel wave in your hair

Take care of all those charms
And you'll always be in someone's arms
Keep young and beautiful
If you want to be loved

If you're wise exercise all the fat off
Take it off, off of here, off of there
When you'er seen anywhere
With you hat off
Wear a marcel wave in your hair

Keep young and beautiful
It's your duty to be beautiful
Keep young and beautiful
If you want to be loved

Keep young and beautiful
If you want to be loved
Boopie doo, ah"


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Annie Lennox - Keep young and beautiful

Embedded media

Women 'evolution' video

BOOK: "Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection'',Thames and Hudson,(1998).

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BOOK: "Sensation: Young British Artists from the Saatchi Collection'',Thames and Hudson,(1998).



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BOOK: "Lolita", Vladmir Nabokov,Olympia Press,(1955).

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BOOK: "The intimate adventures of a London call girl", Belle De Jour, Weinfeld&Nicolson,(2005).

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 Male power/control presented in Belle De Jour - "obedience" in a sexual context could be considered to be demeaning. Complying with patriarchal expectations. This interaction between men and women is readily available as a novel for recreational use, are we conditioning women to fantasize about such treatment? 

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Text box

"The last clown",Francis Alys (1995-2000).

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"Ejiri in Suruga Province" (Sunshū Ejiri),Katsushika Hokusai,(1830–32).

Capturing a time "sincerely"/"honestly"?

In an interview of Nan Goldin where she speaks about "The ballad of sexual dependency" , "I did not care about good photography, I cared about complete honesty". I also read an interview with Nan where she describes her camera to be "an extension of (her) arm" so there is this idea that photography can be all-telling and totally honest - quite like an Omniscient narrator, albeit Noboyushi Araki has a different stance on photography. Araki created a series of works under the title "Pseudo diary", he believes that photographs can be like diary entries but they are not honest.  

"Photography is lying, and I am a liar by nature. Anything in front of you, except a real object, is fake. Photographers might consider how to express their love through photography, but those photographs are “fake love.” That is how I make the future and past. That’s why I entitled it “Pseudo-Diary.” I can create 2020 in 2010"   - Araki (from the interview below).



Crossing boundaries:An interview with Nobuyoshi Araki


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Exhibition space - Lux

Archives/research at Lux

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Screenshot of Raphael's text conversation between himself and his father in the Nell Gwynne ward at Chelsea and Westminster hospital (neurology ward) - after the historical lecture of Lauderdale house.

Nell Gwynne ward - Chelsea and Westminster (our recordings)

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Footage of Chelsea and Westminster - Nell Gwynne ward

Andrei Tarkovsky

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Stalker (1979) science fiction portraying an alternative reality

“Gardens in art” Lucia Impelluso, (2007), Getty publications.

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TateShots: Richard Dadd, The Artist and the Asylum

Visit: The Whitecness" hapel gallery "The frisson of the togetherness"

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I visited the White Chapel to see "The Frisson of the togetherness". I didn't really respond to the work or enjoy it much but when researching a little further, I came across this video of Antunes speaking about the sculptures-  "Also the idea of layerings: so you never see one piece isolated, but you always see this piece in relation with other sculptures".  I was talking to Raphael about this and we thought that it had relevance and related to the initial lecture about Waterlow park as a place that brings people together and creates this feeling of togetherness. The park also paves the way for people of all walks of life to come together and enjoy nature and the space, like the sculptures they all vary but they are in relation with each other due to their shared interest in the space.




Douglas Gordon "A divided self`I and a divided self II" (1996)

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Video 2 monitors

15 mins and 14mins


On two monitor screens two arms - one hairy and the other shaven - fight one another on a bed sheet. On one monitor the hairy arm defeats the shaven, while the reverse happens on the second monitor. Gradually the viewer becomes aware that the arms belong to the same person suggesting a battle between two halves of the self. The work recalls Robert Louis Stevenson's 'The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' (1886) and the split personality of the key protagonist. The work’s title comes from Scottish psychiatrist R.D. Laing's (1927-89) pivotal and controversial texts on mental illness 'The Divided Self: An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness' (1960).

"One flew over the Cuckoo's nest",(1975),Miloš Forman.

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"One flew over the cuckoos nest" is one of my favourite films.I was first introduced to this film in a sociology class where we were exploring and debating the notion that people can be conditioned to thinking that they are "insane" or mentally "unwell" though they are entirely sane. I am drawn to the scenes that create a barrier/hierarchy between the "sane" staff and the "insane" patients from the scenes of painfully terrible music, to the nature of the leading nurse, to the glass barriers.

"The black swan" (2010), Darren Aronofsky.

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At this point in our production of "the gardenless", we have decided on an element of "hallucination", split seconds of "did that just happen?", "is my mind playing tricks on me?". There is no better film, I feel for this research than the black swan. It combines two of my biggest interests for this project - classical harrowing music and severe paranoia.

"Nocturnal Animals" , a film by Tom Ford. (Opening credits)

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I am using Tom Ford's "Nocturnal animals" opening credits as inspiration for the work I am looking to create and technique. Ford uses rich,sumptuous colours in contrast with something that can make for quite an uncomfortable watch. On one hand, I thought the scene was beautiful and liberating with the women dancing around looking seemingly comfortable...If I am entirely honest,the thing that made me uncomfortable was the American flags, it instantly led me to thinking of the statement that Ford might be making. Though it would seem a generalisation, the fashion industry that Ford is very much a part of, do not often take kindly to plus-size women and so I took it as a dark statement about America and "the state" it is in. This assumption was supported by further research where I discovered that Ford reportedly said that he originally intended for the women to represent America — gluttonous, tired, and sad", just as I had suspected there goes the industry using Plus-size bodies in an unsavoury fashion. Though I do not morally agree with Ford's reasoning behind the footage, I am drawn to these rich colours and the idea that something darker can be hidden within something right before your eyes, causing you to feel uncomfortable for reasons that you might not necessarily be able to put your finger on at first.


 " The opening scene of Nocturnal Animals features several plus-size, mostly naked women, moving in slow motion. These women are later revealed to be part of an art installation that Susan has put together — but, for the first few minutes of the film, these naked bodies are displayed without a smidge of context. I was horrified by the scene — surely, these bodies are meant to be gawked at and mocked. My most overwhelming emotion, however, was sheer discomfort" - excerpt from Refinery29's article about the opening credits. 

BOOK: (Archive) The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud), London Hogarth Press the institute of psycho-analysis, VOL 11.

Archive the stndard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (london the hogarth press and the institute of psycho-analysis) VOL II


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BOOK: (Archive) The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud), London Hogarth Press the institute of psycho-analysis, VOL 11.


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Thinking about Freud's "splitting of the mind"   and how this could be presented in a physical way through film, I am contemplating a section of the film being split-screen as I am thinking about consciousness and escapism in ways.

BOOK: "The interpretation of Dreams",Sigmund Freud,(2008),Oxford World's classics.

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BOOK: "The interpretation of Dreams",Sigmund Freud,(2008),Oxford World's classics.

Restored 1899 works by Freud


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Ch. S. Papachristou , "Aristotle's Theory of 'Sleep and Dreams' in the light of Modern and. Contemporary Experimental Research", (2014) - Relevant pages are 13-19

*My notes from the above essay* Ch. S. Papachristou , "Aristotle's Theory of 'Sleep and Dreams' in the light of Modern and. Contemporary Experimental Research", (2014) - Relevant pages are 13-19

I was prompted by my research on Freud to research Aristotle's theory of sleep and dreams, I could not source a word-for-word copy, but got hold of the above paper by Ch.S.Papachristou, an academic studying at an institute dedicated to the study of Aristotle.


  • Aristotle believes that a dream (ἐνύπνιον) is a kind of phantasma (φάντασμα) — phantasma is the product of phantasia—, i.e., a kind of (mental) representation/image that occurs in sleep. Also, he notices that the imaginative (φανταστικόν) is the same as the sensitive (αἰσθητικόν) part (μόριον) of the soul, although they are different in their being (εἶναι)
  • Ἐνύπνιον is that kind of dream in which you don’t know at that time that you are dreaming. Whereas φάντασμα is a kind of dream in which you become aware at that time that you are dreaming.
  • The philosopher notices that dreams (ἐνύπνια) do not occur to very young children (οὐδὲ τοῖς παιδίοις γίνεται ἐνύπνιον) and immediately after the intake of food (οὐδὲ μετὰ τὴν τροφὴν καθυπνώσασιν). He also mentions that there are people who have never dreamt in their whole lives (τισι συμβέβηκεν ὥστε μηδὲν ἐνύπνιον ἑωρακέναι κατὰ τὸν βίον), and others who were late dreamers, namely, they have observed them late in life (ἐνίοις δὲ καὶ προελθοῦσι πόρρω τῆς ἡλικίας ἐγένετο).
  •  Aristotle in his treatise De Divinatione per Somnum (Περὶ τῆς καθ ̓ Ὕπνον Μαντικῆς) acknowledges that dreams sometimes foretell the future, and rejects the popular belief of the divinatory power of dreams.


  • In general, since some other animals dream, dreams could not be sent by God and do not occur for this purpose; however, they are daemonic (δαιμόνια). For nature is daemonic (δαιμονία), but not divine (οὐ θεία). A sign of this is that ordinary people have foresight/prevision (προορατικοί) and vivid dreams (εὐθυόνειροι), showing that it is not God who sends them, but such men as have a garrulous (λάλος) and melancholic (μελαγχολική) nature, see all sorts of sights

    So, God cannot be the sender of dreams, because:

    (a) Animals, who do not have intellect/mind (νοῦς), have dreams too.

    (b) Quite ordinary people “with low moral and intellectual capacities”, and especially those whose nature is garrulous and melancholic have vivid dreams about the future. 

    *Side-note: I believe that Aristotle might have hoped that dreams were exclusive to those that he thought were worthy of them.*

    Hence, if dreams were sent by God, would be experienced only by those with “moral and intellectual virtues to the highest degree, and thus approach the divine level”.

    Although dreams are not divine, they are nevertheless daemonic (δαιμόνια). Dreams are like nature herself “daemonic, but not divine”. The word “daemonic” does not mean that dreams are “sent by daemons”, but rather “beyond human control”.

    Dreams must be regarded either as causes (αἴτια), signs (σημεῖα) or coincidences (συμπτώματα):

    Some dreams, as Aristotle notes, may be signs (σημεῖα) of events happening in the body of the dreamer. Physicians say that we should pay close attention to dreams (σφόδρα προσέχειν τοῖς ἐνυπνίοις), because they can help in medical diagnosis.

    -But, most dreams [prophetic/divinatory dreams], according to the philosopher, are coincidences (συμπτώματα), “especially all those which are transcendental, and those in which the origination does not lie in the dreamers themselves, such as in the case of a naval battle and things taking place far away”.85 He suggests that, when someone sees a dream “which is extraordinary either in time, place or magnitude” (ἀλλ ̓ ὑπερορίας ἢ τοῖς χρόνοις ἢ τοῖς τόποις ἢ τοῖς μεγέθοις)86 this is due to an effect like a ripple in the water or air, where the original movement/impulse (κίνησις) and sensation (αἴσθησις) after traveling over a great distance reach the soul of the dreamer. These movements, says Aristotle, that proceed “from the objects from which Democritus says, images (εἴδωλα) and emanations (ἀπόρροιαι) are thrown off”, reach the soul more easily at night than by the day, because there is less air at night and because people perceive small movements more clearly in sleep than in the waking state.


"I wanna be sedated", The Ramones (1979).

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-The need to be sedated - giving up control to something/someone else. Loss of control without being controlled by someone other than yourself.

"A cure for wellness", (2016),Gore Verbinski.


(Volmer and Hannah, composed by Benjamin Wallfisch).

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"An ambitious young executive is sent to retrieve his company's CEO from an idyllic but mysterious "wellness center" at a remote location in the Swiss Alps. He soon suspects that the spa's miraculous treatments are not what they seem. When he begins to unravel its terrifying secrets, his sanity is tested, as he finds himself diagnosed with the same curious illness that keeps all the guests here longing for the cure. From Gore Verbinski, the visionary director of THE RING, comes the new psychological thriller, A CURE FOR WELLNESS". (Film description)

This film was like no film that I've ever seen before. One thing that I can say definitely stood out to me was the music used - Specifically "Volmer and Hannah" composed by Benjamin Wallfisch , this is the music used when we are introduced to Volmer (a powerful character at the "wellness" centre and Hannah who is a patient and initially introduced as a very innocent and child-like girl.


I researched a cure for wellness further and discovered a horrifying true story that it is based upon. The story goes that in the early 1900's an evil "doctor" called Lizzie Hazzard (the irony) set up a "wellness" clinic in Washington and was responsible for the deaths of over 40 patients. Her clinic was in the US state of Washington and many rich people flocked to receive her "cure" and fasted for months on a diet of tomato and asparagus juice. Hazzard was known as a "fasting specialist" and would tell her patients that eating filled the body with toxins.

Two Brit daughters of an army officer, Claire and Dorothea Williamson, were taken in by the fake doctor.Arriving at the countryside spa in 1911, just two months in they both weighed only 5st. Attempting to escape, Claire managed to crawl out of the house and down the hill but Hazzard stopped her in her tracks.She later died – weighing only 3.5st. Dora managed to get the message out of her terror and was rescued. In 1912, Hazzard was convicted of manslaughter and served 18 months in jail. Hazzard eventually died when she caught pneumonia and attempted to cure herself through starvation.


Crime writer Gregg Olsen said: “The power of her mind and the power of her conviction was intoxicating for people.People would listen to her and you could not help but believe what she was saying.I believe she had something to prove – and did everything for the ‘cure’.”



BOOK: "Bedlam:London and its mad",Catharine Arnold,(2009),Simon&Schuster.

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What is "mad" by definition? This book by Arnold gave a good insight into the curious "remedies"/"cures" for "madness".

The first chapter delved into historical cures.